Acanthus Leaf – Reminiscent of ancient Greek and Roman
art and architecture, the beautiful leaf design may border the edge of
a table or chair.
Alder Wood – Part of the Birch family of wood,
Alder Wood is often used to make beds and bedroom furniture. This wood
is ideal for carving and accent molding is often made out of Alder
Ash Wood – A lighter color than Oak, Ash Wood is
popular because it has visible wood grain and can be finished over to
make a beautiful vanity or jewelry box.
Aspen Wood – Aspen Wood has a very light color and
is usually finished in a Cherry, Walnut or a Wenge and the natural
grain is usually visible.
Ball Foot – Similar to a traditional bun foot, the ball foot is rounder and is very popular in Renaissance Style furniture.
Bamboo Wood – Popular because of its light color,
Bamboo Wood is used in a variety of furniture because it’s strong and
sturdy. Perfect for the environment conscious shopper, Bamboo is a
sustainable resource and is very Eco Friendly.
Baroque Style – A European style of decoration
that was developed in the Late Renaissance period and Baroque styled
furniture will be curved and have scrolls along the legs and feet and
Beech Wood – Beech Wood is a light to medium
colored hardwood that is open used on chairs and tables. The wood
grain is small and it is often only accented by a lacquer or clear
Birch Wood – Birch is a hard, strong wood that is very light in color and usually finished in a clear lacquer.
Bombe – French term referring to a curved or
swelling shape, a Bombe cabinet, drawer or chest will have a convex
front and is often reminiscent of the Rococo Period.
Buffet – Sometimes known as a Sideboard, a buffet
is a cabinet for the dining room that is made to store linen,
diningware and other dining pieces.
Bunkie Boards – A thin piece of plywood sometimes
covered with fabric that can be used for additional support with bunk
beds or platform beds. A Bunkie Board is an alternative to Bed Slats.
Cabriole Leg – Originally modeled after an animal leg, this 18th century style includes a soft curve and has a claw or ball padded foot.
Cherry Wood –Cherry Wood has a fine grained look
with a light red undertone and can have a wide range of shades from a
pinkish red to a dark brown red that appears to be almost black.
Cherry wood is almost always seen in 18th Century, formal and
traditional styled bedroom and dining room furniture. Cherry darkens
with age and exposure to light.
Dovetail – Dovetail is a type of joint that is
used to connect the front and sides of a drawer. English Dovetail has a
tapered edge and is generally associated with more traditional
furniture. French Dovetail has become more popular in recent years; it
shows no tapered edges and is solidly locked into place.
Étagère – A 19th Century idea of having hanging,
standing or open shelves. An Étagère may be used in a number of
different rooms for many purposes.
Finial – A curved or balled ornament that sits on
top of a peak or arched structure. A bed with four posts may have ball
or flame finials and in modern furniture they may also be on a lamp.
Fleur-de-lis – A design that shows a three-petaled
flower with a band around its base. Used in dining, living and some
bedroom furniture the Fleur-de-lis is a popular design that originates
from Gothic period.
Fluting – Flat vertical grooves along a
traditionally Greek Styled column. In contemporary furniture fluting
may be on an entertainment center, TV stand or chest.
Hickory – One of the strongest and heaviest woods
in North America, Hickory Wood is distinguished by contrasting shades
of light and dark. This wood is very popular in Southwestern
Inlay – A technique where a design is cut out of a
piece of furniture and another type of material fills it in for
decoration. Commonly found in tables with marble or glass inlay, a bed
may also have posts that feature an inlay decoration.
Mahogany Wood – A tropical
hardwood is often a favorite in North America, Mahogany has a rich deep
color which makes it very popular as a solid hardwood or a hardwood
Maple Wood – Maple Wood is a popular hardwood that is very durable and takes any stain well. Naturally a very light color
Marquetry – An elaborate decoration technique that
uses contrasting materials to make a pattern or design. It is usually
seen on dining or living room tables and is very popular in
Renaissance inspired furniture.
Mission Style – A common favorite style of
furniture, Mission design focuses on rows of vertical and horizontal
slats and dark, heavy woods and usually Oak.
Molding – An ornamental strip or section used for decoration or finishing.
Mortise-and-Tenon – A type of construction that
joins two pieces of wood together. This is a technique that dates back
to ancient times and securely holds a piece together.
MDF – Multi-Density Fiberboard is a furniture
grade engineered wood product made mainly from Pine separated into
fibers with wax and resin for a strong, affordable alternative to solid
Oak Wood – Oak is the most commonly used wood for
furniture. It is a very hard, open grained wood that usually is just
lacquered or finished to accentuate its natural appeal.
Powder Coating – A surfacing technique where dry paint is applied to iron or other types of metal in layers.
Rattan – Rattan is an Asian Palm where the stems
are intertwined to make woven to make chairs, tables or other types of
Rubber Wood – The name for a generic hardwood
farmed in Asia, Rubber Wood comes from the Para Tree and is
environmentally friendly because these trees are grown extensively
Slats – Bed slats provide firm support to a box
spring or mattress in a way that evenly distributes the weight that
will be applied to the bed frame. Bed slats can come as solid hardwood
or as metal.
Settee – A wooden bench with space underneath that has a chest or storage area underneath and sometimes a cushioned seat.
Sideboard – Sometimes called a buffet, a sideboard
is a piece of dining room furniture with shelves and drawers designed
to hold linen and diningware.
Trundle Bed – A low bed that pulls out from underneath another bed. It is usually on rollers or casters and in a standard twin size.
Veneer – Decorative or colorful shades of wood applied to a basic solid hardwood to give a more interesting appearance.